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Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions to Drugs – SCAR
Participants at the fourth meeting of the Working Group, held on 7 October 2021
SCARs are an important health challenge and a limitation to the safe and effective use of medicines. Premarketing randomized clinical trials have limited power to detect SCARs, and there is a lack of specific diagnostic tests for SCARs which depend on subjective causality assessment methods.
SCARs are rare but serious adverse effects, posing substantial hurdles to drug developers, medicines regulators and health professionals / patient care.
At the pharmaceutical industry level, we can observe:
- The lack of guidance regarding SCARs in special populations, especially cancer patients, patients with pre-existing autoimmune diseases, elderly, and children;
- The need for comprehensive and systematic workflows for safety data capture and analysis;
- The lack of consensus for better clinical practice.
At the regulatory level we can observe:
- The lack of harmonized definitions for SCAR case qualification, the need for ensuring completeness of safety assessment and management in drug development, as well as consensus guidance on the design of studies to develop and validate new technologies and biomarkers;
- The lack of evidence-based practice for pharmacovigilance and practice to monitor and manage SCARs in clinical trials during the drug development and post-marketing phases;
- The lack of relevant information provided in the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) regarding SCARs: the “adverse effects information” is quite similar for all drugs even if they do not present the same risks of causing SCARs.
Furthermore, the magnitude of attrition during drug development puts an unsurpassable barrier for the clinical translation of new drugs: up to > 80% of new chemical entities fail to progress from phase I trials to application for regulatory approval. This has taken the industry to a point where a revision of existing strategy is overdue.
In clinical practice, there is mounting concern about the ongoing burden of SCAR, the emergence of SCARs related to novel biologics, and the increasing cost of diagnosis and management.
Working Group objectives
To establish a balanced, efficient, global perspective on SCAR detection, susceptibility factors, severity, outcome and probability through causality assessment tools, monitoring and management during the drug development and post-marketing phases.
- 1st meeting held on 2-3 February 2021 (virtual) Minutes
- 2nd meeting held on 13 April 2021 (virtual) Minutes
- 3rd meeting held on 29 June 2021 (virtual) Minutes
- 4th meeting held on 7 October 2021 (virtual) Minutes
- 5th meeting held on 13 December 2021 (virtual) Minutes
- 6th meeting held on 9 May 2022 (virtual) Minutes
- 7th meeting held on 12 September 2022 (virtual) Minutes
- 8th meeting held on 12 December 2022 (virtual) Minutes
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CIOMS Working Groups usually take 2-4 years to finalize their consensus document and recommendations. Most groups hold two in-person meetings per year, with telework in between. The groups make use of collaborative efforts and capitalize on existing initiatives in order to provide output that is as comprehensive as possible, does not duplicate other efforts and has added value.
07 - 08 March 2024
9th Meeting of the Working Group on Artificial Intelligence in Pharmacovigilance
11 January 2024